Orthodontics is the branch of dentistry that diagnoses, prevents and treats irregularities of the teeth, jaw and the face.
Crowded teeth are difficult to clean and maintain. This may lead to an increased rate of cavities, gum disease and eventual tooth loss. Other orthodontic problems can contribute to abnormal tooth wear and misalignment of jaw joints resulting is chronic headaches. When left untreated, many orthodontic problems become worse. Treatment of original problems is often easier, faster & less costly than treatment of more serious problems that develop in later years.
The various stages of a normal course of orthodontic treatment:
The First Visit :
During the first visit the patient is examined clinically and advised the treatment options available when treatment should commence. The duration of treatment and the approximate cost.
If the Patient decided to proceed with treatment, records are collected.
- study models
- photographs of face & teeth
- x-rays of teeth & jaws
Records allows to analyses the case accurately.
The Second Visit :
At this visit the treatment plan is explained to the patient & arrangements are made to commence treatment.
Extractions and other preliminary Procedures:
Some times it is necessary to remove teeth to gain sufficient space to align the remaining teeth. Any decayed teeth should be filled and the teeth sometimes need to be cleaned before orthodontic treatment is started.
It is involves the use of
Removable Appliances plays only supporting role in comprehensive treatment. They are an important part of preliminary treatment for preadolescents, adjunctive treatment for adults and retention for all types of patients. Removable appliances can be cleaned out of the mouth with toothbrush & tooth past. Teeth & gums are brushed and flossed as usual with the appliance out of the mouth.
Fixed Appliances can produce any type of tooth movement. Fixed appliances remain in place throughout the treatment period. In fixed appliances brackets, bands & wires are generally used.
HOW LONG A TREATMENT TAKES
- Treatment time depends on the
- Nature of the problem
The patients cooperation in wearing the appliance.
Usually there will be 2-3 years of active treatment followed by 2-3 more years of retention treatment.
HOW THE BRACES FEEL
Most people have some discomfort after their braces are first placed or when adjusted during treatment. After the braces are on, teeth may become sore and may be tender to biting pressures for three or five days. The lips cheeks & tongue may also become irritated for one or two weeks as they tough toned & become accustomed to the surface of the braces. Overall, Orthodontic discomfort is short lived and easily managed.
- Fixed appliances maintenance require more precision and time and must be done after every meal. Patient should use inter dentally brush and orthodontic brush as advised by your dentist.
- Patient must be careful to avoid, hard and sticky foods. They must not chew on pens, pencils or fingernails, because chewing on hard things can damage the braces. Damaged braces will almost always cause treatment to take longer and will require extra visits to dental office.
Functional orthodontics is a progressive treatment that works with your body growth and development to give beautiful healthy smile. Proper tongue and jaw position are created to eliminate negative forces on the teeth. Functional orthodontics treats problems early. When irregularities are first recognized and utilized muscles of chewing to promote proper growth of the jaw and teeth often space is created for the teeth to fit in, which results in fewer extractions and broader attractive smiles.
HOW IMPORTANT IS PATIENT COOPERATE DURING THE ORTHODONTIC TREATMENT
Successful orthodontic treatment is a “two way street” that requires a consistent co-operation effort by both the dentist and patient to successful complete the treatment plan, the patient must carefully clean their teeth, wear appliances and elastics and keep appointments as scheduled. Damaged appliance can lengthen the treatment time and may undesirably affect the outcome of the treatment.
Retainers are of two types
- Removable type : That can be removed by the patient.
- Fixed type : That are designed not to be removed by patient.
Retainer’s use is an important part of orthodontic treatment. Teeth continue to move throughout your life time until they reach a point of stability with the lips, cheeks, tongue bite and function. Ideally through orthodontics, that ends up being a position that allows the teeth to look good as well as function properly.
In the end orthodontic treatment is not for the dentist and not for the parents but solely for the patient. The successful results will benefit the patient’s oral health and self-confidence for the rest of their life.